In this video, we’ll have a look at the endings of nouns in the accusative, which is the “fourth case” (as Czechs call it), answering the question “Koho?” (form of who) or “Co?” (form of what).
How do words change?
- Words ending in -A will have -U at the end. (Usually the nouns of the feminine gender, but sometimes also masculine.)
- Words ending in -O will keep -O. (Neuter gender.)
- Words ending in -Í will keep -Í. (Neuter gender.)
- Words ending in -E or -Ě can either have -I at the end instead (feminine gender), or it will not change, and still be -E or -Ě (neuter gender, a few of masculine nouns).
- Words ending in a consonant: – no change (masculine inanimate gender and feminine gender); – they will take +E (occasionally -Ě) at the end – that’s the masculine animate gender in case the noun ends in Ž, Š, Č, Ř, C, J, Ď, Ť, Ň or the -TEL group (so called soft endings); – they will take +A at the end – that’s the rest of the masculine animate nouns (so called hard endings).